June 15, 2014
The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) released the Producer Price Indexes (PPI) for May. Inflation in prices received by producers (prior to sales to consumers) fell 0.2% in May from April. This follows increases of 0.5% and 0.6% in March and April. On an unadjusted basis, prices were up 2.0% over the last 12 months.
Among building materials, softwood lumber prices rose 1.0% in May from April. Prices are currently 28% above the average level over 2011, down from 38% above that level at the recent peak in April 2013.
OSB prices have flattened out in 2014, declining 0.7% in May. Prices are currently 23% above the average level over 2011, down from 107% above that level at the recent peak in March 2013.
Gypsum prices declined 0.7% in May. Prices are currently 41% above the average level over 2011, down from 49% above that level at the recent peak in February 2014.
May 15, 2014
The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) released the Producer Price Indexes (PPI) for April. Inflation in prices received by producers (prior to sales to consumers) rose 0.6% in April from March. This increase was dominated by increases in food goods and trade services. Excluding the more volatile, and weather affected categories of food, trade and energy, prices increased a more modest 0.3% in both March and April.
Among building materials, softwood lumber prices are down 4.0% in April from March, and 8.2% from a peak one year ago. OSB prices continued to tread water so far in 2014, declining 0.6% in April, after a sharp 2013 reversal of the steep run-up in prices in 2012. OSB prices remain 23.8% above their average level in 2011. Gypsum prices declined 3.7% in April, the second monthly decline, but remain 41.9% above their average 2011 level.
May 15, 2014
The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) reported that consumer prices increased by 0.3% in April after a 0.2% increase in March. Over the past twelve months, prices on expenditures made by urban consumers increased 2.0% before seasonal adjustments. This is the largest twelve month increase since July of last year.
Indexes for food, energy, and shelter all rose in April. The food index increased by 0.4% for the month as the price of meats, poultry, fish, and eggs all rose. Over the past twelve months, the food index has increase by 1.9%.
The energy index increased 0.3% on a month-over-month seasonally adjusted basis. Gasoline, a component of the energy index, rose by 2.3% month-over-month. Over the past twelve months, the energy index has increase by 3.3%.
The Core CPI, which excludes more volatile food and energy prices, rose by 0.2% on a seasonally adjusted month-over-month basis. The Core CPI rose by 1.8% for the year before seasonal adjustments.
Over the past twelve months, the shelter index increased 2.8% before seasonal adjustments. The shelter index rose 0.2% month-over-month in April after increasing 0.3% month-over-month in March.
NAHB constructs a real rent price index to isolate the change in rental prices. The NAHB constructed measure indicates whether inflation in rents is faster or slower than general inflation and provides some insight into the supply and demand conditions for rental housing, after controlling for overall inflation. The real rent index increased in April by 0.1% month-over-month and 1.2% for the year.
March 15, 2014
The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) released the Producer Price Indexes (PPI) for February. Overall, inflation at the producer level declined -0.1% in February from January (seasonally adjusted), balancing a 0.4% increase in prices for goods and a 0.3% decline in prices for services. On an unadjusted basis, inflation slowed to 0.9% for the 12 month period ending in February, from 1.2% in January.
Among building materials, softwood lumber prices rose 2.2% in February from January, OSB prices declined 0.7%, and gypsum prices rose 4.1%.
February 21, 2014
The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) released major changes to the Producer Price Indexes (PPI) program with the data for January. The objective was to realign the aggregate indexes with the contours of a dynamic economy, incorporating indexes for services, construction, government purchases, and exports into the broader aggregate indexes. (For more information see new PPI.) The results show a little less core inflation (excluding food and energy) at the producer level, but the same pattern of prices driven by swings in energy prices over the last few years.
Overall, inflation at the producer level maintained its modest pace, rising 0.2% in January from December, and 1.2% for the 12 month period ending in January.
The PPIs for individual building materials were unaffected by the changes to the aggregate indexes. Softwood lumber prices moved up modestly in January after softening at the end of 2013. OSB prices firmed slightly after steep declines from early 2013 peaks.
Gypsum prices jumped 7.4% in January from December, a significant down payment on the price increases some producers announced for the coming year. This increase brings gypsum prices to 99.5% of their housing boom peaks.
January 15, 2014
The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) released the Producer Price Indexes (PPI) for December. Producer prices for finished goods rose 0.4% in December on the strength of energy prices which rose 1.6% in December from November. Energy prices have been the main driver of overall prices in 2013. In December increases in energy and core prices (excluding food and energy) were partially offset by declines in food prices.
Softwood lumber prices softened after increasing through the second half of 2013. OSB prices continued their descent, although at a slower pace than earlier in the year.
Gypsum prices edged up in December finishing the year about where they started. Average gypsum prices in 2013 were 16.6% above 2012 levels, which were 14.1% above 2011 levels.
November 21, 2013
The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) released the Producer Price Indexes (PPI) for October. Producer prices for finished goods declined by 0.2% in October following a 0.1% decline in September. Increases in core prices (excluding food and energy) of 0.2% and food prices of 0.8% were offset by a 1.5% decline in energy prices, pushing the overall index down.
Wood products prices edged up as the monthly PPIs are beginning to reflect increases in weekly measures. Gypsum prices declined modestly from a recent May peak but the outlook is for higher prices in 2014 given announced planned increases for 2014 from National Gypsum.
September 13, 2013
The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) released the Producer Price Indexes (PPI) for August. Producer prices for finished goods rose 0.3% in August driven by increases in food (0.6%) and energy (0.8%) prices. Excluding food and energy, the core index was flat.
The PPI for softwood lumber rose 2.6% from July to August after declining 2.3% from June to July. Strong demand from China helped the rebound. Offshore markets have gained favor as recent price declines have triggered the return of the export tax on Canadian shipments to the US.
OSB prices declined 9.5% in August, bringing them to their lowest level since the run-up that began in early 2012, but leaving them still 34.6% higher than that low point.
Gypsum prices declined slightly in July and August, a two month decline of 1.8%, but the prospect of price relief was short-lived. Prices are currently at 92.6% of their peak housing boom levels and at least one major producer, National Gypsum, has announced a 20% price hike effective with 2014 shipments. This price increase is eerily similar to the hikes in early 2012 and 2013.
July 18, 2013
After a period of significant increases, the growth in the prices of building materials has slowed according to June Producer Price data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).
Year-over-year growth in gypsum prices slowed by 3.8 percentage points to 15.6%. Annual softwood lumber price growth decelerated by 8.7 percentage points to 8.0%. And Oriented Strand Board (OSB) prices grew by 37.0% year-over-year in June, still high, but 17.8 percentage points less than the year-over-year growth recorded in May.
The slowing of the growth of building material prices is good news for builders and bears watching for the rest of 2013.
For the economy as a whole, producer prices for finished goods rose by 0.8% on a seasonally adjusted month-over-month basis in June, the second consecutive month of growth.
March 14, 2013
The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) released the Producer Price Indexes (PPI) for February. Energy prices, rising 3.0% based largely on gasoline prices, pushed the overall index up 0.7%. Food prices declined 0.5% while the core price index (i.e., excluding food and energy) was stable, rising 0.2% since last month.
While overall producer prices have been relatively stable, the prices for certain building materials have risen rapidly as the housing recovery has gained momentum since the beginning of 2012. Overall producer prices are up less than 3% while softwood lumber, OSB and gypsum prices are 30%, 80% and 26% higher than at the start of 2012.
The rising prices of these building materials represent a significant challenge for home builders as they find themselves squeezed between rising input prices and a housing market where prices are only recently recovering from their steep declines.